A network router sends data packets from one network to another through a process known as routing. It is otherwise defined as a specialized computer which sends messages quickly to their destinations through thousands of pathways. Computer network routers will analyze each incoming packet, based on internal routing tables, and will determine how to forward it. Different combinations of sources, destination addresses and current traffic conditions like line costs, load, bad lines, etc. will determine the interface
to which router outgoing packets are being sent.
a router is the only device that is capable of viewing each and every message sent by a computer on the networks of both companies. One tool with which a router decides the exact destinations of packets is a configuration table which can be defined as a collection of information.
this information allows networks to lead to a specific address groups, priorities for the usage of connections and the policies for handling both regular and special cases. It can be as non-complex as a network of half-dozen lines, but can also grow as a network of gigantic size and complexity, for example,
in large routers that are dealing with bulk internet messages.
Network routers usually have two components, namely hardware and software components, more commonly referred to as hardware routers and software routers.
Routers ensure that information is delivered to the intended destination. This is crucial while transferring bulk volumes of data from blocking traffic in other networks. In carrying out these functions, the router efficiently manages two different computer networks. It links the two
networks, transmitting information from one network to another and on some occasions, translates different protocols among networks. It also saves the network (from one another), blocking the traffic in one from entering unnecessarily to the other. As the number of networks connected to one another
increases, the configuration table which controls the rush among them grows, thereby improving the processing power of the router. Regardless of the number of the networks attached, the basic operation principle and the nature of the function of the router remain the same. Usage of routers is mandatory in the
Internet since it is a giant network comprised of thousands of minor networks.
In non-technical terms, a router can be explained as a junction connecting two networks transferring data packets between them. A router is fundamentally different from a switch which connects devices in a Local Area Network (LAN). In order to route data packets, routers communicate with
each other by means of routing protocols. Using this information, they create, support and maintain a routing table. The routing table decides and maintains the most appropriate routes to some particular network destinations.
Routing is most popularly associated with Internet protocol, even though other less-popular routed protocols also remain in use. In the initial period of routing, general-purpose mini-computers played the part of routers. Even though general-purpose computers can carry out routing, the
latest high-speed routers are highly-specialized computers, equipped with additional hardware to accelerate common routing functions like packet forwarding as well as highly specialized functions such as IPsec encryption.
Other important changes that improve the performance and reliability of an access router include the usage of DC power rather than line power and the usage of solid-state rather than magnetic storage for program loading. Large modern routers are now found to resemble telephone switches,
and the small routers are becoming a common household item.
Network routers that connect customers to the Internet are known as edge routers and those that which pass on data among other routers, for instance, inside an internet service provider network is termed as a core router. A router is usually used to interconnect a minimum of two
networks, but there is a special variety of router called the one-armed router which specializes in routing packets in a virtual LAN network.
In mobile ad-hoc networks, each and every host carries out routing as well as forwarding by itself, whereas in wired networks there is a single router for the whole broadcast domain. Nowadays, many routing functions are added to LAN switches, creating Layer 2/3 Switches that do
packet-transfer at near wire speed. Routers now function as internet gateways too, mostly for small networks that are used in small offices and homes.
Specifications of Network Routers
Attributes associated with network routers are memory capacity, number of ports, operating temperature, dimensions (height, width, depth and height), power, storage temperature, operating humidity, frequency, voltage and current.
Operating Temperature is the range of temperature over which a network router operates safely.
Storage Temperature refers to the range of temperatures through which an inoperative power supply can remain in storage without degrading subsequent operation.
Operating humidity refers to the particular humidity at which a network router operates safely.
Applications of Network Routers: Used in a wide variety of applications, including high speed internet access, private line wan connectivity, video, IP telephony, and data backup and recovery solutions.
Network Routers Asset Recovery